ArfGAP1 restricts Mycobacterium tuberculosis entry by controlling the actin cytoskeleton

EMBO reports

The interaction of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) with pulmonary epithelial cells is critical for early stages of bacillus colonization and during the progression of tuberculosis. Entry of Mtb into epithelial cells has been shown to depend on F‐actin polymerization, though the molecular mechanisms are still unclear. Here, we demonstrate that mycobacterial uptake into epithelial cells requires rearrangements of the actin cytoskeleton, which are regulated by ADP‐ribosylation factor 1 (Arf1) and phospholipase D1 (PLD1), and is dependent on the M3 muscarinic receptor (M3R). We show that this pathway is controlled by Arf GTPase‐activating protein 1 (ArfGAP1), as its silencing has an impact on actin cytoskeleton reorganization leading to uncontrolled uptake and replication of Mtb. Furthermore, we provide evidence that this pathway is critical for mycobacterial entry, while the cellular infection with other pathogens, such as Shigella flexneri and Yersinia pseudotuberculosis, is not affected. Altogether, these results reveal how cortical actin plays the role of a barrier to prevent mycobacterial entry into epithelial cells and indicate a novel role for ArfGAP1 as a restriction factor of host–pathogen interactions.

Ok‐Ryul Song, Christophe J Queval, Raffaella Iantomasi, Vincent Delorme, Sabrina Marion, Romain Veyron‐Churlet, Elisabeth Werkmeister, Michka Popoff, Isabelle Ricard, Samuel Jouny, Nathalie Deboosere, Frank Lafont, Alain Baulard, Edouard Yeramian, Laurent Marsollier, Eik Hoffmann, Priscille Brodin

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